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Home arrow News arrow Unexpected Ally: Carcinogens in the Fight Against Cancer

Unexpected Ally: Carcinogens in the Fight Against Cancer

HealthReporter author Nadzeya Sankovich
Written by Nadzeya Sankovich
Last update: October 19, 2023
1 min read 654 Views 0 Comments
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Carcinogens Might Help Combat Cancer

Key takeaways

  • While carcinogens are known to cause cancer, they also seem to weaken certain cancer cells, making them more noticeable to our immune system.
  • This discovery opens the door for developing more effective cancer treatments.

Carcinogens, substances that can cause cancer, are typically viewed in a negative light. But in a surprising twist, researchers from the esteemed Mass General Cancer Center have discovered that these substances might also have an unintended benefit.

The study reveals that when certain cancer cells come in contact with carcinogens, their defense mechanism gets compromised. These affected cancer cells are less able to create a protective environment around them, known as the tumor microenvironment (TME).

The TME usually helps cancer cells hide from our immune system, but when weakened, it’s like stripping the cancer cells of their armor. This leaves them vulnerable to attacks from our body’s immune defenders.

It’s comparable to a fortress that typically shields invaders from outside attacks. Carcinogens damage the walls of this fortress, making it easier for our immune cells to invade and defeat the enemy.

Dr. Shawn Demehri, one of the main scientists behind the study, shared his optimism: “Our findings suggest that, paradoxically, carcinogens can make some cancer types more susceptible to treatment. We’re excited about the potential of using this information to improve cancer immunotherapy.”

He also emphasized that there’s more to discover, especially regarding the exact pathways through which carcinogens affect cancer cells.

Sources

  1. Huang, M., Xia, Y., Li, K., Feng, S., Feng, Z., Li, T., Azin, M., & Demehri, S. (2023). Carcinogen exposure enhances cancer immunogenicity by blocking the development of an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 133(20).
    https://doi.org/10.1172/jci166494
  2. Study Finds Carcinogen Exposure Makes Cancer Cells More Susceptible to Immune Attack, with Implications for Treatment. (n.d.). Massachusetts General Hospital.
    https://www.massgeneral.org/news/press-release/study-finds-carcinogen-exposure-makes-cancer-cells-more-susceptible-to-immune-attack
Written by Nadzeya Sankovich
Nadzeya Sankovich is the Vice President of Communications at Health Reporter. Previously a professional journalist, she continues to write scientific articles and conduct research. With a background in sociology and medicine, she has worked with various healthcare organizations, from charities to telemedicine platforms.

Nadzeya is also a member of the Association of Health Care Journalists and a volunteer for a non-profit organization that helps underserved communities. Through her work, she empowers people to take charge of their health and well-being.
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